With global climate, energy, and sustainability challenges set to intensify, Calix has identified some of the key trends that have emerged in the last decade and why they are likely to accelerate, and dominate, in the next decade.
Calix's LEILAC facility in Belgium nearing completion, December 2018.
LEILAC will demonstrate Calix's CO2 capture technology for lime and cement.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are largely accepted to contribute to climate change, with governments around the world setting targets to reduce these emissions as well as setting up emissions trading schemes whereby companies must pay for the CO2 they emit under ‘cap and trade’ type systems. From 2021, the European Commission will be reducing their CO2 cap by 2.2 per cent each year. The EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) has consequently seen the price of CO2 rise from less than three euros per tonne in 2013 to 25 euros per tonne in August 2018. That price has backed off slightly but the over-arching trend represents considerable pressure on companies to reduce their emissions. While the US and China don’t have an ETS / ‘cap and trade’ system, China is closing down old cement plants with high emissions and building new plants that will create fewer emissions.
CREATING RENEWABLE ENERGY
While energy prices are high in Australia, they pale in comparison to the prices in some parts of Asia. This can be offset by using biogas for energy, which can be achieved by capturing more methane from agricultural activities. The effluent load in untreated wastewater
MAKING CROP PROTECTION SAFER
Calix has completed its third year of trials of BOOSTER-Mag on grapes in the Champagne region of France, as well as a successful trial on onion crops in the Netherlands. This follows years of successful trials in Australia. BOOSTER-Mag is an easy-to-apply and safe foliar spray. Treatment coincides with improved crop yield and reduced pest and disease pressure - A fertiliser and crop protection benefit delivering improved vitality and yield.
FEEDING THE GROWING HUMAN POPULATION
As developing countries begin to adopt more sophisticated farming techniques, the downstream effects will become more pronounced. This is important across all forms of food production and, particularly, aquaculture. Aquaculture can be an environmentally negative activity where uneaten food and waste material from the animals being farmed turns into sludge. To make this industry more sustainable, aquaculture operators need to find a way to efficiently break down these polluting sludges, as well as increase yields through lower disease and higher feed / product efficiencies.
Calix AQUA-Cal+ is a water conditioner that safety addresses disease and pollution, delivering improved feed performance and yield. It has already begun to transform prawn and shrimp farming, as well as fin fish farming. As well as improving water conditions, it reduces stress on the animals and leads to increased harvest weight and survival rates, while reducing energy costs and protecting the environment.
PROTECTING AGEING INFRASTRUCTURE
MAKING BETTER BATTERIES
Calix recently received an Australian Advanced Manufacturing Growth Fund award to produce advanced materials for lithium ion batteries. With cheap, agricultural-grade manganese carbonate, Calix, using its CFC technology, created various controlled oxidation states of highly-porous manganese oxide, which is a common lithium battery material. This technology could be a gamechanger in terms of providing a cheap sustainable advanced material for li-ion batteries.